Lake Tamblingan is surrounded with many ancient Balinese temples (puras). The many temples surrounding the lake is associated with the ancient Tamblingan civilization. Tamblingan is first mentioned in a 900s CE copper inscription as a settlement located on the southern shore of Tamblingan Lake. This copper inscriptions was discovered in the village of Gobleg, another ancient village located near Munduk. The ancient temple Pura Dalem Tamblingan is still maintained today, located on the southern shore of Lake Tamblingan in what is now a small village of Gubug.
Due to an unknown reason, the people from the original Tamblingan village migrated to four different places in the vicinity of the lake, creating new villages collectively known as Catur Desa ("four villages"). These villages are Munduk, Gobleg, Gesing, and Umejero. The four villages shared similar spiritual belief, that is to maintain the sanctity of the lake Tamblingan. Temples were established along the lake Tamblingan to honor the gods.